Manöverball 75er Jäger
Maneuver ball of the 75 hunter batallion in Offenburg 1936.
ZT: Maneuver ball of the 75er Jäger batallion/ Fairground; beer-drinking men in uniform sit at long tables. Invading Department of the 75th Hunters. Marquee with event participants.
Context and analysis
At first glance, the short film looks unspectacular. A swivel shows a meadow with beer benches, where young soldiers sit and frontally look into the camera or say cheers to each other. In the background you can see an empty marquee, also stocked with beer benches. Other scenes show the soldiers getting closer to drinking beer, smoking cigarettes and enjoying the sunny day. A new section marches into the square, accompanied by a boy with a scooter. A table is staffed with officers. The beer tent fills up and a military band has taken a seat. A long shot shows the space now filled with civilians from above. The maneuver ball can begin. The film is related to the return of the military to Offenburg in 1936, which belonged to the demilitarized zone after the First World War.
The remilitarization of the Rhineland was called "Rhineland Liberation" according to NS-propaganda. This was the one-sided occupation of the previously demilitarized Rhineland by the German Wehrmacht on 7 March 1936. This represented an open breach of the Treaty of Versailles, which wanted to expand Hitler's military position. The unanimous acceptance of the invasion by Britain and France strengthened its position. Offenburg was also affected by the military operation. Even before the invasion, Mayor Wolfram Rombach went to Berlin several times for secret negotiations.
On March 7, 1936 in the afternoon - coinciding with the occupation of the Rhineland - the battalion of the 75th Infantry Regiment 75 from Villingen moved into the likewise demilitarized Offenburg. A few hours earlier an extra sheet of the Offenburger Tageblatt had been published. In it they demanded the population on "flags out!" And reported that Offenburg after 1898 now again garrison city, so the German military were permanently housed there again. "The cheers of the population knew no bounds," wrote the daily paper, referring to a large crowd of citizens lining the streets. After moving in, Lord Mayor Rombach gave a speech at the barracks court, in which he welcomed the soldiers: "They should find a home with us.". Afterwards, people cheered German and the Horst Wessel songs with joy. The batallion occupied the barracks in Weingartenstraße. The following Sunday, the barracks for visitors was once again open. This especially pleased curious children and adolescents. The March 10 newspaper once again reported on the hunters and the "really cordial relationship" between soldiers and citizens. The battalion band played its first course concert.
Even before the 'occupation of the Rhineland' was worked in Offenburg on secret national purposes. The aim was to re-centralize and remilitarize the German police. However, as this violated the Treaty of Versailles, the plans had to remain secret. The buildings 11 and 12 of the Offenburg barracks were selected as possible accommodation for the state police forces. In 1935 they were rebuilt in a very short time, the barracks newly paved, emergency shelters and horse stables built. At the end of May, the state authority withdrew the permit. Finally, in 1936, the barracks were selected as the headquarters for the 75th Jaeger Battalion with 10 officers, 745 men and 80 horses. Commander Major Drekmann had already settled the housing issue before moving in. The soldiers should practice warfare, machine gun and shooting during their stay. The evacuation and repair of construction 9 was also arranged for the battalion; the whole cost the city almost 300,000 Reichsmark. The fleet and the horses were housed in the municipal construction yard as well as in stables in the city. Major Drekmann noted that new buildings were required. Above all, it lacks stables, carts and riding tracks.
Maneuver on the Heuberg On the night of June 4, 1936, the Jäger Battalion marched on a 25-hour hike to the maneuver on the Heuberg. The training area Heuberg is located in the district Sigmaringen / Zollernalb. It has been in use since 1910 until today. In the edition of the Offenburger Tageblatt of June 4, 1936, the soldier Kurt Wiesner reported on the preparations: "For the majority, the military training area is something unknown, completely new. And even the Heuberg. The fathers already told horror stories about it. The room elders, who already know this, become permanent speakers. Experiences churning around the astonished newcomer around the ears. From efforts. Marches. He listens to exercises and quarters, and the story neatly expands in detail when the maneuvering cases are discussed." After a month, on July 4, 1936, the Jäger Battalion returned from the maneuver on the Heuberg. According to the Offenburger Tageblatt, the soldiers of the population had "missed" and gave already on the first evening of your return the city an "already familiar picture". In this context, the footage of the maneuvering ball of the hunters emerged, which should also strengthen relations with the people of Offenburg. After a brief stint, the hunters left in September 1936 Offenburg again and were relocated to Villingen. Instead, the machine-gun battalion 5 from Würzburg came to the new garrison town of Offenburg.
Emilia Biche, Justin Bäumle
Places and monuments
- This film analysis is still in progress. It may therefore be incomplete and contain errors.